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Review
Published: 07-02-2024

Major clinical outcomes of the use of biostimulators (L-PRF and coenzyme Q10) in the optimization of buccomaxillofacial surgery: a systematic review

Dental Sty Clinic. Av. Ignacio de Veintimillay 9 de Octubre-Quito, Ecuador / Unorte - University Center of Northern São Paulo, Dentistry department, São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil / Unipos - Post graduate and continuing education, Dentistry department, São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.
Autonomous Regional University of Los Andes. Ambato, Tungurahua, Ecuador / UNORTE - University Center of Northern São Paulo, Dentistry department, São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil / UNIPOS - Post graduate and continuing education, Dentistry department, São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil
UNORTE - University Center of Northern São Paulo, Dentistry department, São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil / UNIPOS - Post graduate and continuing education, Dentistry department, São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil
Tissue engineering Bone bioengineering Fibrin-rich plasma Coenzyme Q10 Buccomaxillofacial

Abstract

Introduction: Tissue engineering combines three key elements matrix (three-dimensional structures that support growth, collagen cell, bone mineral), signaling molecules (growth factors (GF) and leukocyte cytokines), and cells (osteoblasts, fibroblasts or other adequate populations for tissue regeneration. Many studies suggest that antioxidants act as inhibitors of osteoclastogenesis and the inhibitory effect of CoQ10 on osteoclast differentiation. These findings highlight the potential therapeutic applications of CoQ10 for the treatment of bone diseases. Objective: The present study highlighted the main approaches to the use of fibrin-rich plasma (L-PRF) and coenzyme Q10 in buccomaxillofacial surgery through a systematic review. Methods: The systematic review rules of the PRISMA Platform were followed. The search was carried out from October 2023 to January 2024 in the Scopus, PubMed, Science Direct, Scielo, and Google Scholar databases, using articles from 2006 to 2022. The quality of the studies was based on the GRADE instrument and the risk of bias was analyzed accordingly, according to the Cochrane instrument. Results and Conclusion: A total of 104 articles were found, 38 articles were evaluated and 23 were included and developed in this systematic review study. Considering the Cochrane tool for risk of bias, the overall assessment resulted in 36 studies with a high risk of bias and 20 studies that did not meet GRADE. The use of platelet and leukocyte-rich fibrin can reduce bone absorption, infection, pain, local edema, and wound healing. L-PRF presents itself as an autogenous biomaterial with great versatility, low cost, easy acquisition and wide use, and infinite possibilities. It can be combined with other materials in the most diverse areas of dentistry. Also, CoQ10 concentrations can suppress ROS, which is needed as a signaling intermediate. CoQ10 acts as an enhancer of all stages of osteoblastic differentiation. Thus, CoQ10 suppresses osteoclast differentiation by eliminating generated intracellular ROS. Furthermore, CoQ10 enhances bone regeneration in all differentiation processes through transcription factor activity.

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How to Cite

Medina, P. C. N., López, B. S., & Beneti, I. M. (2024). Major clinical outcomes of the use of biostimulators (L-PRF and coenzyme Q10) in the optimization of buccomaxillofacial surgery: a systematic review. MedNEXT Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.54448/mdnt24110