Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Experience Report
Published: 2021-12-17

Dissection in neuroanatomy: an experience report

FACERES – Medical School of Sao Jose do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil
FACERES – Medical School of Sao Jose do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil
FACERES – Medical School of Sao Jose do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil
UFU – Federal University of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil
FACERES – Medical School of Sao Jose do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil
FACERES – Medical School of Sao Jose do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil
Neuroanatomy Dissection Neurology Medical education Learning

Abstract

The dissection belongs to the medical teaching-learning process since ancient times. However, due to the generalization of the practice, the demand for corpses increased so that control of their origin was lost several technological tools are used in the learning of human anatomy, such as anatomical tables and 3D printed organs, which are complementary to a good practice in the field of health. This study report an experience of four medical students performing a practical dissection immersion in neuroanatomy, as well as their perceptions about the evolution of knowledge of the brain structural characteristics. In a maximized perception, it was felt the need to combine ways to teach neuroanatomy in order to unite the theory with the real perception of the organs, enabling an anatomical and physiological understanding close to reality. The use of anatomical atlases in drawings or photographed images is the most traditional study tool and with technological development, digital tools have been gaining ground in this educational scenario. However, the oldest way to study anatomy, visual exploration and dissection of the human body, will always make a great contribution to the study of neuroanatomy. Nonetheless, access to biological materials, for well-founded ethical reasons, is becoming increasingly rare, that is why students who experience these experiences are able to transform the knowledge obtained from unique opportunities into teaching materials accessible to academics in the health area.

References

  1. Johnson JH. Importance of Dissection in Learning Anatomy: Personal Dissection Versus Peer Teaching. Richmond, Virgínia: Clinical Anatomy; 2002.
  2. Calazans NC. O ensino e o aprendizado prático da anatomia humana: uma revisão de literatura. Salvador, 2013. P. 59 Marques Pontinha C, Soeiro C. Dissection as a pedagogical tool in anatomy teaching in Portugal. Interface (Botucatu), 2014.
  3. Menezes CTG, Silva Junior EX, Cerqueira GS. Percepção de discentes frente ao uso de roteiros de estudo em aulas práticas de neuroanatomia. Araraquara (editora); 2019. p. 2244-2259
  4. Moreira ES, Tronco encefálico: VII – Núcleos próprios do tronco encefálico. Volta redonda: UniFOA 2017,10:99.
  5. Tavano PT. Onde a morte se compraz no currículo médico da primeira faculdade oficial de medicina de São Paulo. São Paulo: S. N, 2011, 220.
  6. Malomo AO, Idowo OE, Osuagwu FC. Lessons from history: Humana anatomy, from the origin to the renaissance. Int. J. Morphol, 2006.
  7. Talamoni ACB, Bertolli Filho C. A anatomia e o ensino de anatomia no Brasil: a escola boveriana. História, Ciência, Saúde – Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, 2014, 1301-1322.
  8. Collipal LE, Silva MH. Estudio de la Anatomía em cadáver y modelos anatómicos. Temuco, Chile: Int. J. Morphol, 2011, 1181-2011.
  9. Shell K, Holt E, Kington A, Mohammed K, Black A, Troup C, Ingiaimo M, Scoles K, Nathaniel TI. Motivation to Learn Neuroanatomy by Cadaveric Dissection is Correlated with Academic Performance. Greenville, South Carolina: Wiley Periodicals, Inc. 2019.
  10. Baskaran V, Strkalj G, Strkalj M, Di Leva A. Current Applications and Future Perspectives of the use of 3D Printing in Anatomical Training and Neurosurgery. Sydney, Australia: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy, 2016.

How to Cite

Schäefer, E. A., Carmona, E. S., Mehret, G. P., Marques, K. do V., Webber, M. L., & Marques, V. B. (2021). Dissection in neuroanatomy: an experience report. MedNEXT Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 2(6). https://doi.org/10.54448/mdnt21629